India has successfully brought down maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by 9 points in one year, as per data released by the Registrar General of India. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh are among the states that have shown most decline.
According to Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan, the ratio has declined from 122 in 2015-17 to 113 in 2016-18 (7.4 % decline).”
According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India has been witnessing a progressive decline in maternal mortality from 167 in 2011-2013 to 130 in 2014-2016, 122 in 2015-17 and 113 in 2016-18.
Maternal death is when a woman dies during her pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause other than accidental or incidental.
“With this persistent decline, India is on track to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of 70 per 1 lakh live births by 2030 and National Health Policy (NHP) target by 2020. The number of states which have achieved the SDG target has now risen from 3 to 5 viz. Kerala (43), Maharashtra (46) Tamil Nadu (60), Telangana (63) and Andhra Pradesh (65). There are eleven (11) states that have achieved the target of MMR set by the NHP which include the above 5 and the states of Jharkhand (71), Gujarat (75), Haryana (91), Karnataka (92), West Bengal (98) and Uttarakhand (99),” the ministry said.
Dr. Harsh Vardhan has stated that three states, Punjab (129), Bihar (149) and Odisha (150)) have maternal mortality rate in between 100-150 while for 5 states — Chhattisgarh (159), Rajasthan (164), Madhya Pradesh (173), Uttar Pradesh (197) and Assam (215) — the MMR is above 150.
Of all states, Rajasthan has shown the maximum decline of 22 points whereas Uttar Pradesh (19 points), Odisha (18 points) Bihar (16 points) and Madhya Pradesh (15 points) have also emerged as other performers.
Highlighting the efforts taken by the Union and the state/UT governments, Harsh Vardhan has attributed the success to the intensive endeavour of the government in achieving impressive gains in institutional deliveries as well as focusing on quality and coverage of services under NHM through various schemes.